Global conferences and statements
Next world health promotion conference 22-26 May 2016, Brazil
The 22nd World Conference on Health Promotion of the International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE) will be held in
Curitiba, Brazil in May 2016. Read more
Inequalities come at great cost to society
“Inequalities in health exist both within and between countries. They are both unnecessary and unjust. They also create a great cost to societies…” These are the opening words of the latest Eurohealth; the quarterly publication of the WHO-hosted European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. Read more
A series of World Health Assemblies and international health promotion conferences have produced various charters and declarations that set the agenda for health promotion.
The Alma-Ata Declaration, the Ottawa Charter and the Bangkok Charter provide a framework for health promotion and have been adopted by New Zealand.
The Declaration of Alma-Ata was adopted at the International Conference on Primary Health Care, Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), currently in Kazakhstan, 6-12 September 1978. It expressed the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all the people of the world. It recognises the primary health care approach as the key to achieving the goal of “Health for All”. Here is a link to the full text of the Alma-Ata Declaration
The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion is a 1986 document produced by the World Health Organization. It was launched at the first international conference for health promotion that was held in Ottawa, Canada. ” TheOttawa Charter lays the foundation for health promotion action.
The health promotion emblem provides a graphic interpretation of health promotion.
Explaination of the emblem
The ‘Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a globalized world’ was agreed to by participants at the 6th Global Conference on Health Promotion held in Thailand from 7-11 August, 2005. It identifies major challenges, actions and commitments needed to address the determinants of health in a globalized world by reaching out to people, groups and organizations that are critical to the achievement of health.
Other global conferences have also influenced health promotion over the years.
Statements from Global Conferences
Milestones in Health Promotion. Published by World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2009, this is a collection of global statements in one booklet. Or you can access individual statements below:
Adelaide Statement on Health in all Policies – Report from the International Meeting on Health in All Policies, Adelaide 2010. The purpose of this report was to engage leaders and policy-makers at all levels of government – local, regional, national and international. It emphasizes that government objectives are best achieved when all sectors include health and well-being as a key component of policy development. This is because the causes of health and well-being lie outside the health sector and are socially and economically formed. Although many sectors already contribute to better health, significant gaps still exist.
WHO Global Conferences on Health Promotion
The Eighth Global Conference on Health Promotion: Health in all Policies. Helsinki, Finland 10-14 June 2013. Two items were produced from this conference: the Helsinki Statement and a Framework for Country action. Thestatement asserts that “health inequities between and within countries are politically, socially and economically unacceptable, as well as unfair and avoidable. Policies made in all sectors can have a profound effect on population health and health equity.” It called on governments to fulfil their obligations to their peoples’ health and wellbeing. Both the Statement and the Framework for Country Action can be found here.
The Seventh Global Conference on Health Promotion, Nairobi, Kenya 26-30 October 2009, produced a Call to Action, whichidentified key strategies and commitments urgently required for closing the implementation gap in health and development through health promotion.
The sixth Global Conference on Health Promotion – Thailand; 7-11 August 2005 – produced the Bangkok Charter (above)
The Fifth Global Conference on Health Promotion: Bridging the Equity Gap, Mexico City, June 5th, 2000. Signed by Ministers of Health, the brief 8-pointMexico Ministerial Statement for the Promotion of Health: From Ideas to Action acknowledges the duty and responsibility of governments to the promotion of health and social development.
The Fourth International Conference on Health Promotion: New Players for a New Era – Leading Health Promotion into the 21st Century, meeting in Jakarta from 21 to 25 July 1997, came at a critical moment in the development of international strategies for health. It was the first to be held in a developing country and the first to involve the private sector in supporting health promotion. The Jakarta Declaration on Leading Health Promotion into the 21st Century identified the directions and strategies needed to address the challenges of promoting health in the 21st century.
The Third International Conference on Health Promotion, Sundsvall, Sweden 9-15 June 1991: Supportive Environments for Health. This conference called upon people in all parts of the world to actively engage in making environments more supportive to health. Examining today’s health and environmental issues together, the Conference points out that millions of people are living in extreme poverty and deprivation in an increasingly degraded environment that threatens their health, making the goal of Health For All by the Year 2000 extremely hard to achieve. The way forward lies in making the environment – the physical environment, the social and economic environment, and the political environment – supportive to health rather than damaging to it. The Sundsvall Statement on Supportive Environments for Health is a call to action, directed towards policy-makers and decision-makers in all relevant sectors and at all levels.
The Second International Conference on Health Promotion in Adelaide, South Australia, 5-9 April 1988, continued in the direction set at Alma-Ata and Ottawa, and built on their momentum. Two hundred and twenty participants from forty-two countries shared experiences in formulating and implementing healthy public policy. The resulting Adelaide Recommendations on Healthy Public Policy reflect the consensus achieved at the Conference.
The first International Conference for Health Promotion in Ottawa, Canada 21 November 1986 produced the Ottawa charter (above)
The WHO has links to all its past conferences on health promotion.