Competencies

Aotearoa – NZ. Evidence

More than 50% of health promoters use M-Health: intern survey

A survey, by HPF intern Ancy Paul, has revealed that more than half the health promotion workforce use M-health – a health information programme for smart devices.

Savings from Preventing Lifetime Smoking and Obesity in Young Adults: A Scoping Study

Rhema Vaithianathan Department of Economics University of Auckland, April 2013
This is a scoping study which seeks to illustrate that building a case for health promotion need not be excessively costly, nor does it need to wait for the perfect data. We illustrate the ideas using obesity and smoking as exemplars.  Savings from Prevention

Health Evidence Health promotion effectiveness: intuition with evidence

This ‘Keeping Up to Date’ aims to increase awareness of the reasons to use evidence in practice,
to stimulate debate about evidence, and to encourage the health promotion workforce to contribute to the
evidence base by designing, delivering, and evaluating rigorous programmes.

Nicki Jackson. Nicki is a lecturer at AUT University and has extensive experience in the field of evidence-based
practice. Her work has provided her with the opportunity to work alongside international public
health professionals to move forward the debate in using evidence in health promotion practice and
develop the capacity of the health promotion workforce in using evidence. Keeping Up to Date – 22 edition

Health Evidence

Health Evidence is a Canadian service and research organization located at McMaster University, Hamilton, aimed at assisting public health decision makers in their use of research evidence. Health Evidence offers a suite of services to support the development of knowledge, skill and culture for evidence-informed decision making. Launched in 2005, a key resource, thehttp://www.health-evidence.ca/ registry of systematic reviews, provides free, user-friendly access to a searchable database of public health relevant, quality-appraised reviews. Tailored capacity assessments for evidence-informed decision making, workshops and presentations on evidence-informed decision making ‘how to’, and Knowledge Broker services to mentor individuals/teams/organizations are available to support incorporation of evidence into practice.

The Cochrane Library

The Cochrane Library is available free to all Nzers at:http://www.thecochranelibrary.com/
Accessing the library this way will help ensure the continued MoH funding for the subscription to continue.

The Campbell Collaboration

The Campbell Collaboration aims to help people make well-informed decisions by preparing, maintaining and disseminating systematic reviews in education, crime and justice, and social welfare.

The Campbell Collaboration is an international research network that produces systematic reviews of the effects of social interventions. Campbell is based on voluntary cooperation among researchers of a variety of backgrounds. Campbell’s strategic and policy making body is the Steering Group. Visit their website and library.

Evidence Based Health Promotion

The movement to develop ‘evidence based practice’ which first began in the field of medicine has spread to all parts of the health sector and other public sector activity. It is now widely accepted that activities to improve health should be supported by sound evidence.

What is evidence?
•At the most basic level, evidence involves ‘the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid’.
•Evidence based public health and policy is an exercise in constructing realities and interventions within particular contexts. For policy-decision makers, evidence may be defined as ‘anything that establishes a fact or gives reason for believing something’.   Visit the NSW Government Health websitefor more information and links to other useful sites.

Evidence of intervention effectiveness & cost-effectiveness

Research evidence, where available and of good quality, is an important component of decision making.  We aim to make this type of evidence more accessible to decision makers by providing short summaries of relevant existing research that also consider the possible application of the research to policy and practice.  The types of summaries that will become available in the short term are known as rapid reviews and evidence summaries. Results of relevant cost-effectiveness, cost-utility or cost-benefit analyses are also included.

The Victorian Government Health web page also includes  Overview | Rapid Reviews | Evidence Summaries | Evidence-based resources | Other evidence syntheses | Cost-effectiveness

The Question of Evidence in Health Promotion

Health promoters require credible evidence to identify relevant determinants of health, choose activiities to promote health, and then evaluate the effectivenss of these chosen activities.  This issue of evidence in health promotion is a complex one that requires critical examination of what is meant by health promotion, the focus of health promotion activities, and the ideological isssues and prinicples that inform health promotion practice.  It is argued that health promoters should be explicit about the prinicples and values behind their  health promotion activities, and consider how ideology, values and data interact to produce evidence.  Dennis Raphael, Health Promotion International Vol 5,No 4.

The Evidence of Health Promotion Effectiveness

A Report for the European Commission by the International Union for Health Promotion and Education  Assessing 20 years Evidence of the Health, Social, Economic and Political Impacts of Health Promotion,and Recommendations for Action.

In order to contribute to the debate on Europe’s developing public health policy, the
International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE) decided to undertake an
ambitious and innovative project which would assess and collect the evidence of 20 years of
health promotion effectiveness.     Shaping Public Health in a New Europe

Evidence Supporting Population Health Promotion Initiatives

Population health promotion is about creating the conditions that support the best possible health for everyone. Promoting health is a shared responsibility that requires the co-ordinated action of many sectors working together to improve well-being.

The following document provides evidence from the literature supporting the need for health promotion. The document evidence is included in the areas of health promotion, healthy child development, heart health, home care, nutrition, physical activity/recreation, tobacco control and the workplace. Selected Literature Review
Population Health Branch, Saskatchewan Health

A Maori overview of programme evaluation
The evaluation hikoi:

This book aims to:

  • Provide the reader with an overview of the issues surrounding public health
    programme evaluation by and for Maori
  • Give examples of the range of approaches that might be useful
  • Highlight areas that evaluators may need to consider.

There are many different models and frameworks that can be used to guide indigenous researchers. Our approach has been to grapple with what it means, as Maori, to carry out formative, process and impact evaluation. The issues involved are described in this book. They include considerations of ownership, power, how to describe and identify measures and the challenges of maintaining credibility as Maori and as Maori evaluators. We acknowledge that much of this will be familiar to those experienced in programme provision or evaluation. It is our hope this book might
provide new perspectives or insights.  Maori Evaluation Manual

This resource is designed to be used alongside other toolkitsto be available on the Whariki Research Group website.

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